“Colors of a Historic Beirut.” is a spectacular animated film directed by Richard Linkman and featuring narrations from local residents, street musicians, and archivists. It tells the colorful story of the historic, multi-cultural, and often overlooked compound in downtown Beirut. In a few short minutes, the film glows and reflects on the rich history and culture of the place. For example, an animated Islamic prayer in the background is accompanied by an archival Arabic recording of a sermon by the late Grand Sheikh Youssef al-Rouqieh. The movie takes you on a journey through the ancient walls and courtyards of this historical area.
“Colors of a Historic Beirut,” like most of the documentaries aiming to portray the colorful side of life in Lebanon, also serves as an educational experience. The film features a number of archival footage as it traces the historical and cultural legacies of the former capital of Beirut. The ancient, historical places of the place, the various cultures that shaped the society of Beirut, and the diverse landscape that characterize the city make up an impressive and engaging visual experience.
Archival footage includes the takeover of the UFA by the Peace Corps in 1963; the takeover of the Bank of the Lebanese in 1970; the takeover of the Banco Cituccia by the CIA and the subsequent conflict there with Hezbollah; and the six-decade-old negotiations between Israel and the PLO to relinquish the Sinai Peninsula to the Egyptian military. Another fascinating historical aspect of “Colors of a Historic Beirut” is the film’s depiction of the political, social, and economic evolution of the place through different periods in its history. The story details how the various regimes changed the basic nature of the country, its economy, its people, and their interactions with one another. For example, while Israel gradually absorbed the Sinai back after the Six-Day War, the civilians remained divided and suffered various abuses. Severe fighting broke out between Hezbollah and Israel at the Nasrid military airport in the early stages of the Lebanese civil war.
One of the most significant events in the film involves the role of the Free Officers, an amalgamation of Lebanese army officers and members of Hezbollah. The Free Officers were formed to counterbalance the radical and extreme elements of the Lebanese army that were considered too radical by the authorities. However, their arrival and subsequent takeover of the UFA were abrupt and controversial, as they purged all officers who were associated with Hezbollah. The takeover also prompted the formation of the Special Forces, a specialized unit of the Lebanese Army, which has been widely used by the country’s military to counterbalance Hezbollah.
After the takeover, the UFA was established as a fully functional commercial entity, responsible for the delivery of goods and services to the people of Lebanon. Although the UFA had a few hundred members at the beginning, its numbers have been decreasing due to low recruitment and high operational costs. The new team that took over the UFA was composed of Hezbollah members who had defected from the Lebanese army. They were given generous salaries and benefits, which have reduced the need for UFA contracts for Hezbollah.
In the second season of Hezbollah vs. Israel, the number of Hezbollah contracts issued by the U.S. Department of Defense have significantly decreased. Most of the contracts that have been renewed are for services that have been previously exercised by U.S. forces in Iraq. This suggests that the restrictions that the Israeli government placed on its use of Hezbollah fighters as well as the Hezbollah’s use of property in Lebanon may be having an effect on American willingness to work with the group on contracts.
The contracts that the United States has authorized to be traded between the United States and Hezbollah are normally limited to services that are exclusive of any obligations to the United States such as financial or technology assistance. Teams may negotiate for a player’s release from his contract if a number of conditions are met, but if a player’s contract is terminated in the first refusal, he becomes a free agent. For example, if a player is thirty years of age or older and does not play in the National Football League for at least two seasons, he becomes a free agent.
There are a few situations where a player can be traded during the regular season if both teams mutually agree. Normally, a team would only trade a player if that player is set to return to the team for the 2020 season. Another situation where a player can be traded is if he is set to earn a major league baseball contract after being designated as a disabled player. A disabled player exception to the salary cap enables the player to return to the team for the 2020 season, provided that his health is still at the professional level that allows him to play. If not, then the disabled player exception allows the player to enter the draft as an unrestricted free agent.